1. Choose the correct word for each sentence
In most countries policemen carry
Members of Criminal Investigation department are
A police officer can stop and search people if he them of committing a crime.
The head of Scotland Yard is appointed by the Crown on the_____ of Home Secretary.
Courts decide both criminal and civil _______
The jury traditionally ________ of 12 ordinary people.
The jurors discuss their _________ in a special room.
If a person committed a _______, he/she cannot be a juror.
The jury reaches the verdict, but the _____ passes the sentence.
In what situations do British policemen carry guns?The verdict of the jury must be _______in cases of murder.
2. Use the correct word in each sentence form the words below.
guilty important eligible independent acquitted
challenge honorable personal evidence chose
3. Answer the questions on the topics “The Police” and “The Jury”.
What are police powers?
Do women work in the British police?
How can the verdict of the jury sound?
Turn the sentences from direct into reported speech. What people are eligible for serving in the jury?
4. Do grammar exercises.
Turn sentences in the Active voice into the Passive Voice.
Turn the sentences from direct into reported speech.
5. Read the text below and write which statements are true and which are false
Crime is a violation of a law. Courts decide both criminal and civil cases. Most countries make a clear distinction between civil and criminal procedures. Criminal and civil procedures are different. The party bringing a criminal action is called the prosecution. The party bringing a civil case is called the plaintiff. In both kinds of cases the other party is called the defendant.
Civil cases are usually disputes between or among private citizens, corporations, governments, government agencies, and other organizations. Most often, the party bringing the suit is asking for money damages. For example, a landlord may sue a tenant for failure to pay rent. People who have been injured may sue a person or a company responsible for the injury. It is up to the plaintiff to prove the case against the defendant. This is called the plaintiff’s burden of proof.
A criminal case is brought by the state or by a city or county against a person or persons accused of committing a crime. If the defendant has pleaded not guilty, you should presume the defendant’s innocence unless the defendant’s guilt is proved.
Courts decide only criminal cases.
Most countries do not make a distinction between criminal and civil cases.
Criminal and civil procedures are similar.
Crime is a violation of law.
The party bringing a criminal action is called the prosecution.
In civil cases the plaintiff usually asks for money damages.
The plaintiff needn’t prove the case against the defendant.
A criminal case is usually brought by a person against the state.
If the defendant pleads not guilty, he is acquitted.
The defendant’s innocence is presumed unless the defendant’s guilt is proved.